Cancer and Care Approach in Nursing Process

Introduction

The nursing procedure is practical in consumer-based treatment through analysis, diagnosis, scheduling, execution, and assessment. It is a tool that places knowledge into practice. Medical practitioners use the systematic problem-resolving technique to determine a person’s care needs and offer a modified cure (Toney-Butler & Thayer, 2019). The nursing practice is fundamental in cancer management progression. Being the second principal source of death globally, the impacts of cancer communally, health-wise, and financially are substantial hence the requirement for the presence of an operational nurturing process in cancer handling to regulate its effects (Toney-Butler & Thayer, 2019). This paper explores cancer analysis and therapy perceptions, its consequences, how the nurturing practice purpose is safe and valuable care for clients, and how multidiscipline training influences providers’ awareness and preparation in employing the method.

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Diagnosis and Staging of Cancer

Cancer occurrences can be regulated by the primary discovery of the illness and the supervision of cancer clients. Timely identification is aided by access to treatment, widespread awareness, medical assessment, analysis, staging, and admission to care (Macrae et al., 2017). Screening recognizes persons with anomalies that put forward probable progress of particular cancer that has not established signs; therefore, recommends patients a prompt examination and medication.

Different cancers have distinct diagnosis procedures, and the most conventional encompass mammography examination for breast tumor, HPV analysis, and optical checkup using Acetic acid for cervical malignancy. Afterward, the patient undergoes cancer staging, which defines specifics regarding cancer detected comprising tumor magnitude and whether it has spread. Staging involves applying research laboratory examination to test for tumor causes, CT inspections that utilize X-rays to produce imageries, and MRI checks that exercise radio waves to capture tumor images (Macrae et al., 2017). Furthermore, staging contains nuclear examinations that use radioactive constituents to generate photographs, such as bone and pet scans, ultrasound, X-ray, and surgery applications in pathology experiments. Therefore, staging flags technique for the appropriate management of the disease.

Complications, Side Effects of Treatment, and Methods to Regulate Effects

Depending on the type of cancer, an individual may face nervous and brain system complications, nausea, pain, fatigue, chemical changes in the body, difficulty breathing, and weight loss. The disease is lethal, and several methods of care linked to it are usually intensive (Smith et al., 2018). The cancer treatment approaches include chemotherapy, hormone, radiation, targeted drug treatment, surgery to excerpt cancerous cells, cry ablation, and bone marrow replacement (Smith et al., 2018). Patients who undergo cancer treatment may experience severe side effects, such as cancer pain, neutropenia, hair and memory loss, lymphedema, vomiting and nausea, and blood clots.

The psychological and physical impacts of cancer and its treatments significantly affect cancer patients. Consequently, the individuals require training in stress handling, meditation, and relaxation. Cancer patients need regular counseling and talk therapy to build on their confidence and boost their mood. The effects of cancer and medical care can be minimized by educational sessions and organized support societies to create awareness of the disease. Furthermore, persons suffering from the condition need prescriptions for anxiety and depression (Smith et al., 2018). They should be encouraged to practice regular physical exercises to boost their immune system and prevent other mental disorders. Medical practitioners play a vital part in holistic care methods that have proved to enhance cancer patients’ healing progression.

Factors Contributing to Annual Mortality and Incidence Rates

Skin cancer is the most familiar cancer in America, with an annual occurrence of 279,100 incidences (Smith et al., 2018). Lung cancer is the second with a yearly prevalence of 228 820, and rectum and colon with 191,930 frequency cases (Smith et al., 2018). However, studies show that lung cancer is accountable for the increased death rates in the United States (Smith et al., 2018). The cancers which instigate high mortality proportions correspondingly comprise breast, prostate, colon, and rectal cancer. Breast cancer has the highest frequency ratio in women, while lung cancer triggers the top death rates amongst females.

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Similarly, prostate cancer has the uppermost prevalence in men, whereas cancer with the maximum mortality degrees is lung cancer. The marginal societies display the top cancer mortality levels in America attributed to limited access to healthcare institutions. The disease occurrences are fueled by unhealthy habits and livelihoods that complement fast revenue progressions, such as smoking, physical dormancy, and poor nutrition (Smith et al., 2018). Moreover, the inadequacy of cancer treatment amenities and lack of access to the facilities back the increased mortality quotients.

Role of American Cancer Society and Recommendations

The United States Cancer Society is essential in certifying adequate and cheap healthcare. It provides sustenance by suggesting schemes to health experts and inducement curricula and treatment procedures that emphasize service conveyance, patient wellness, and accessibility of affordable and adequate health insurance for American citizens (Smith et al., 2018). The American Cancer Society trains the community and cancer patients on healthful behaviors that prevent cancer and appropriate care that enhances the opportunity of tackling the disease. It further educates medical practitioners on the treatment strategy to offer good medication to the individuals. The organization lays a structure that guarantees a healthcare system that places importance on disease regulation rather than a response to illness (Smith et al., 2018). Prevention strategies make fiscal sense as the American population’s growth that causes a fast change in the increase in cancer person population drains the state’s expenses, which would then be narrowed by the avoidance tactics that moderates the sum of cases analyzed.

Additionally, the American Cancer Society offers support by collaborating with other institutions, such as the American Diabetes Association (ADA) and the American Heart Association (AHA), to certify the share of responsibilities and basic health guidelines. The facility educates cancer patients and health providers on effective medicine utilization; thus, the rational application of treatment is trained to avoid the rationing of medical treatment (Smith et al., 2018). Likewise, the community is taught about care and prevention involvements and operational processes through media and literature platforms consumed by the public. Society also intervenes in regulating cancer literature and intervenes in managing distribution to ensure all Americans have access to information and protect them from exploitation (Smith et al., 2018). Therefore, the most preferred service that society should continue offering is partnering with legislators to pass acts to defeat cancer, unite the global population to join the fight, support multiethnic societies, and promote prevention.

Utilization of Nursing Process to Provide Secure and Effective Treatment to Patients

The application of a nursing procedure that offers secure and operational treatment for cancer patients throughout their lifespan involves valuable understanding and consistent training. Medical practitioners should also concentrate on deep connections with the clients to promote wellness and recovery. Therefore, the first step is the assessment phase, where the physician employs a systematic and dynamic way to collect and analyze data concerning a person’s mental, sociological, and physiological status (Toney-Butler & Thayer, 2019). The information is gathered through a patient dialogue, physical checkup, finding a family history, referencing medical accounts, and overall observation. The second step is a diagnosis which comprises the medical provider making a clinical judgment concerning a potential or actual issue with a patient. An assessment is done beyond a description of the concern to the person’s potential threat of developing further difficulties (Toney-Butler & Thayer, 2019). Numerous diagnoses are made from an individual patient and examined to determine the patient’s preparedness for healthcare improvement and whether cancer has spread. The diagnosis stage is the foundation of the treatment plan and determines the care method and phase.

The third stage is planning which determines the type of action plan suitable and aligns with a diagnosis. Physicians skillfully weigh each analysis and select personal examinations while dedicating care to high cancer threat aspects and severe signs (Toney-Butler & Thayer, 2019). Every study is given a clear, measurable objective in line with forecasted beneficial results. Medical providers utilize evidence-based nursing outcome classification that traces patient wellbeing using standardized measurements and terms. The statistic from valuation, analysis, and development are documented inpatient care strategies for healthcare experts caring for individuals. Regularly cancer plans focus on healing rather than the disease (Toney-Butler & Thayer, 2019). Therefore, the nurse can recommend substitute tactics to normal medical procedures to improve patient treatment.

The fourth stage is the implementation which is specific to every patient, and the physician follows a decided plan of action to achieve the desired results. The nurse monitors the patient for signs of improvement and performs essential medical operations. Similarly, the patient should be trained in future healthcare management, and the practitioner should keep in contact with the patient for follow-up (Toney-Butler & Thayer, 2019). Finally, the evaluation phase entails assessing how effective objectives for patient wellbeing have been achieved. The practitioner decides if the patient’s situation has enhanced, alleviated, or deteriorated. Consequently, the nurse determines whether to release the person, develop an application, or resume the procedure.

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Holistic treatment entails recognizing every patient as a person, flexibly conversing, and upholding mindful and courteous associations with the client. Prospective anxiety aspects impacting a consumer’s wellbeing are the central attention of holistic nursing. The care strategy minimizes the probabilities of opportunistic illnesses that complement cancer and intensifies the likelihood of a constructive outcome (Toney-Butler & Thayer, 2019). Individual lifestyle adoptions and principles are encompassed in therapy to help in the restorative procedure. Cancer patients entail communal group rehabilitations in the curative process to certify the communication of encounters and closure to reduce nervousness and despair.

How Undergraduate Education Contributes to the Foundation of Nursing Knowledge

The nursing procedure requires experts’ intimate association with clients, which surpasses regular nursing practices. The medical practitioner has to exhibit supplementary skills to have good proficiency. Undergraduate training in liberal arts and science studies backs the foundation of treatment awareness since they inspire critical thinking (Halberstadt et al., 2019). Data courses can assist therapists in having the ability when assessing measurable information and arithmetic analysis outcomes. A therapist may confront records they have never practiced formerly, therefore the capability to analytically examine the data and discover that which is significant and dependable (Halberstadt et al., 2019). Quality development curricula can be supportive in secure therapy for patients. Moreover, religious and social scholarships are insightful for nurses in their attitude to individuals.

The studies are insightful to the ethnic and religious mixture that open up therapists to a new perception of patients and how they can handle them while valuing their dissimilarities. Liberal training develops well-rounded practitioners with vast innovative philosophies and mental perspectives. It further enhances the physicians’ capability to bond with the globe through literature and music. Creative English and literature gradations furnish nurses with unconventional communication and performance abilities (Halberstadt et al., 2019). Conversely, liberal art degrees encourage them to undertake leadership responsibilities and express their opinions orally. Science, mathematics, physical, and social training offer improved treatment handling, systems-degree transformation controlling, and value enhancement procedures (Halberstadt et al., 2019). Finally, social sciences prepare practitioners to contact ethnic and cultural marginal communities in a more considerate, holistic, and civilized manner.

In conclusion, medical providers use the efficient problem-resolving technique to define a person’s healthcare desires and present modified treatment. Cancer is the second principal cause of death internationally. However, its instances can be minimized by the prompt discovery of the disease and cancer clients’ supervision by nurses. Cancer medical care includes immunotherapy, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy. The treatment’s side effects comprise pain, vomiting, hair loss, and nausea, which patients can minimize through depression and anxiety medications.

Furthermore, the American Cancer Association trains the community and people living with cancer on wellness behaviors that prevent the disease. Society should continue providing support to multicultural communities and encourage prevention. The nursing procedure is functional in patient-centered treatment through analysis, implementation, assessment, planning, and evaluation. Finally, science, mathematics, social and physical education offers improved insight into treatment handling.

References

Halberstadt, J., Timm, J.-M., Kraus, S., & Gundolf, K. (2019). Skills and knowledge management in higher education: How service learning can contribute to social entrepreneurial competence development. Journal of Knowledge Management, 23(10), 1925-1948. Web.

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Macrae, F. A., Bendell, J., Tanabe, K. K., Savarese, D., & Grover, S. (2017). Clinical presentation, diagnosis, and staging of colorectal cancer. UpToDate. Web.

Smith, R. A., Andrews, K. S., Brooks, D., Fedewa, S. A., Manassaram-Baptiste, D., Saslow, D., Brawley, O. W., & Wender, R. C. (2018). Cancer screening in the United States, 2018: A review of current American Cancer Society guidelines and current issues in cancer screening. A Cancer Journal for Clinicians, 68(4), 297–316. Web.

Toney-Butler, T. J., & Thayer, J. M. (2019). Nursing process. StatPearls. Web.

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