Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs

Introduction Abraham Maslow came up with the theory of human development which is commonly referred to as Maslow’s theory. This theory is based on the concept of human needs and the needs are portrayed in the shape of a pyramid. The lowest and the largest level of needs are at...

“Psychological” Majority & Minority in Intergroup Relations

Concepts “psychological” majority and minority help our understanding of intergroup relations. It will start by introducing the studies carried out by psychologists regarding the influence of majority in the society and the inferior position taken by the minority groups. The paper will then analyse various psychosocial issues connected with the...

Components of Psychological Disorders

Introduction Overview of psychological disorders Over the last couple of years, psychological disorders have gained popularity in the fields of psychology and mental health. Psychological disorders involve abnormal behavioral or psychological patterns associated with distress or disability. Such psychological patterns tend to go against normal development. Psychological disorders are also...

Cognitive Psychology: The Main Tasks

Cognitive psychology is actually a branch of psychology that is concerned with the study of mental processes that occur internally. Internal mental processes include memory, thinking, reasoning, problem solving and language. This branch of psychology makes use of the scientific method, to understand, diagnose and find solutions to problems that...

Cognitive Theories in Psychology

Introduction Cognitive development can as the ability to think and reason. This includes all the functions of the brain in the interpretation of the information that the brain receives. This includes things like knowledge, perception and memory. Several theories have been used to explain cognitive development. Some of these theories...

Psychological Egoism: Selfish Act vs. Self-Interest Act

Psychological egoism is a term used to describe the strong interrelation between individual human action and personal will. The theory explains human action in terms of the urge to pursue some desire meaning that every action must flow from a desire. But this claim gets head-on into conflict with our...

Depression: Various Causes and Treatments

Introduction Everyone, in one day or another feels uncomfortable. This feeling might persist for several days. This situation is what is referred to as depression. The problem interferes with person’s way of life and mar lead to one not being able to relate well with his or her family or...

How Video Games Influence Aggressiveness?

Introduction It can be sated undoubtedly that video games influence the aggressive behavior among people. Social cognitive theory, excitation transfer theory and general aggression model are some of the theories that support the statement. Video games began to appear in 1970s and later video games included the violent concepts and...

Anxiety Disorder, Human Development and Socialization

Introduction Agoraphobia can be described as a fear for open spaces but those affected by it can be described as having panicky feelings that exhibit symptoms like diarrhea, vomiting or even headaches. Generalized anxiety disorder with agoraphobia can be defined as repeated attacks of great fear and some form of...

Emotions Role in People’s Lives

Introduction Emotions and feelings have a great impact on everyday decision-making and thinking. They influence the perception of reality and attitudes towards people and the environment. The role of emotions in the nursing profession has received increasing interest, relatively little attention has been given to the role of a new...

Personality Disorders: Eating, Substance Abuse, Sexual Disorders

In the course of the development of history people who differed from the majority by their inadequate behavior have claimed special attention. In the past, it was typical to create myths about madness and to ascribe various forms of madness to the influence of supernatural powers, the influence of the...

Young Children Developing and Learning

Emily’s ecological system The given diagram indicates Emily’s various environmental levels. This development is based on Bronfenner’s ecological systems theory. A child’s development takes place based on the interaction between the child and the surroundings. (Appendix B: Bronfenbrenner’s ecological model of child development). The most important factor which influences the...

Working Memory and the Learning Process

Abstract This paper discusses working memory and learning and tries to link them. Firstly, memory helps in the processing, storage and the retrieval of the information stored. In school, memory is important in the retention as well as processing of the new information presented to students and pupils. Therefore, this...

Social Psychology: Understanding Self in Prison

Questions about how other people shape one’s actions, thoughts, beliefs and perceptions are of great interest amongst psychologists. An individual may respond to the same situation differently depending on the environment he or she is in. People placed in groups perceive issues differently than when acting individually. What is the...

Verbal and Nonverbal Communication

Communication is the essential part of people’s life. The understanding of communication is much broader concept then just the words, tone and the style of the speech, it is also the movement of the body, the body reaction to what have been already said. The nonverbal communication is more important...

Sources of Motivation for Different People

Motivation is defined as an internal driving force that guides the behavior of individuals. The factors that motivate individuals differ from person to person. Something that might motivate someone might not be as effective in motivating someone else. This paper will look into the differences in sources of motivation for...

Ethics and Theories of Human Development

Ethics in the Experiment The experiment chosen in this context of the discussion on ethics is Lynette Friedrich and Aletha Stein’s (1973) experiment that focused on the effects of different television programs on preschool children. The experiment finds place in discussion of experimental and correlation methods discussed by Carol K....

Oprah Winfrey’s Lifespan and Personality Development

Introduction Oprah Winfrey, the host of the famous Oprah Winfrey TV talk show is an international media celebrity, producer, writer, actress and activist who has beaten the odds of a poor and troubled early childhood to rise to a top that anyone can desire. She was born Oprah Gail Winfrey...

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder: Psychological Perspectives

Introduction A provisional definition of trauma presented by Van der Kolk and Fisler cited by MacNair (2002) is the experience of an inescapable stressful event that overwhelms one’s existing coping mechanisms (MacNair, 2002, p. 94). This, no doubt explains trauma in a manner that allows pace for only the passive...

Undesirable Effects of Power

Introduction Everybody desires power. It is an insatiable want common to all human beings whether rich or poor, tall or short, fat or thin, black, white, Caucasian….the list can go on and on. No matter where one is on the ladder of life, he or she will always desire to...

Bullying in Schools and Workplaces

Introduction The issue of bullying in schools and workplaces has been the subject of public discussion for a long time now; however, despite the fact that educators and social workers had applied a considerable amount of effort to design effective social mechanisms for prevention of bullying; this problem did not...

“The Stanford Prison Experiment” by P. G. Zimbardo

Introduction The article “The Stanford Prison Experiment” by Philip G. Zimbardo gives us the procedure and the results of the experiment, which were created with the only aim – to watch how the behavior of simple good people can be influenced by placing them in the jail. The experiment was...

Young Children Development and Learning

Introduction Two year old Sydney is a living proof that humans develop fastest in their toddler years. An only child raised by her parents and extended family members, she is one to be doted upon by everyone and her developmental milestones are big news in the household. She epitomizes a...

Psychology. Stanford Prison Experiment

Introduction The Sanford Prison Experiment managed to prove sharp psychological changes experienced by its participants through the rapid alter of the atmosphere and emotional pressure. The Sanford Prison Experiment, 1971, is considered to be the study and careful analysis of the psychological effects experiencing from being a prison guard or...

“Should I Take Juanita Pope?” by Isabelle Dworkin

The present case analysis concerns the case described by Isabelle Dworkin in her work “Should I Take Juanita Pope?”. This is a description of the writer’s persona; experience with the girl with learning disabilities who was neglected both by parents and by teachers, thus experiencing more and more learning problems...

Psychology: Emerging Adulthood

Introduction Emerging adulthood can be described as that period of human development occurring between the adolescence stage and the stage of adulthood. According to Jeffrey Arnett; a researcher who has conducted a major study on emerging adulthood refers to this stage is when young adults leave adolescence dependency but have...

The Ways We Lie: Reasons and Mechanisms

Discussion Question: Lies are surely an integral part of our life – be it an innocent tiny lie or a crime involving disinformation. However, different people treat the fact of lying in a different way – hypocritical people may reject the fact of lying and state that they never do...

Communication Process in Human Life

Introduction The process of communication skills development is a complicated one and covers the combination of social, cultural and ethical knowledge. Communication builds person’s ability to establish contact in the society, personal or business one. The effectiveness of communication work making is considered to be the background of successful interpersonal...

Theories of Schizophrenia

Introduction John Forbes Nash is the protagonist and the central character of the movie “A Beautiful Mind”. The movie is based on the true story of John Nash, who was a genius and a remarkable man; his theories related to mathematics have established him as one of the greatest geniuses...

Issues in Relationships Between Parents and Children

In terms of relationships between parents and children, there are many things which are advantageous and boring for the side of younger generations. In this respect while growing up children are trying to find out the reasons for their behaviors. One of the approaches according to this is to claim...

Exhibitionism as a Sexual Option

Main Points There is a frame of mind that is present in the background which compels the person to do so and it would be unjustified to consider the person’s act of exhibitionism without considering that frame of mind at work in the background. The person is more than often...