Managers in the most successful organizations in the world apply appropriate management theories in their decisions. The application of a management theory does not necessarily assure an organization success but depends on the appropriateness of the theory used to solve the problem in hand. It is advisable for an organization’s management to look at the history of the organization so as to highlight those areas where mistakes have been made and avoid them in the future. This paper will seek to analyze how the management in a healthcare organization can study its past and use some appropriate management theories to understand its present and inform its future.
Scientific Management Theory
Scientific management theory was developed by Taylor and advocates for a scientific management instead of the personal management that was used a long time ago. During the old days, it was the responsibility of the manager to make sound decisions individually and not as a group. According to Taylor, the best method is the one by which a group of managers in the different departments in an organization come together and agree on the way forward. This involves team work and cooperation from the management to the subordinates (Taylor p.70). Sharing of workload between the management and the employees occur, whereby the management has the responsibility to come up with informed decisions and the employees does the labor.
Proper training and orientation given to the employees would increase their expertise and confidence and overall, the efficiency of services to customers. This is in contrast with letting new employees apply the knowledge they acquired in college. Each individual does the work that best suits him or her and this helps maximize profit. In order to increase the morale of employees, those employees who perform very well and contribute to the success of an organization in a great way are rewarded while those who go against the organization’s rules are punished (Carter prg.5). Participation of all workers, trust, and openness amongst individuals in an organization helps in building one organization where everyone feels being part of the organization.
This theory was developed by Henri Fayol and concentrated on the roles of the management in the success of an organization. According to his theory, the management has certain roles that it must play so that the organization succeeds. It is the responsibility of the management in an organization to forecast and plan. The process of forecasting involves using the past and the present to try and predict the future (Lamond p.1273). After the prediction, the management then plans the steps that it will take to meet what it anticipates in the future (Montana & Charnov p.18). The management also informs other employees of any changes that are going to take place. This will help prepare the employees psychologically.
It is the responsibility of the management to ensure that all the activities that take place in the organization are coordinated to give the overall results (Robert p.92). The different departments in the organization carry different responsibilities and these must be coordinated. The management plans all activities together and then works as a team to bring the different parts together to produce total results.
Management theories are very important and can help an organization achieve its goals and objectives. The scientific theory can be used to bring the management together so that they can form a think-tank that comes up with informed decisions. Cooperation throughout the organization is a requirement according to the theory. According to the administration theory, it is the responsibility of the management to forecast and plan, and also coordinate all the activities that take place in the organization.
Carter, M. Strategic management. 2008. Web.
Lamond, D. On the value of management history: Absorbing the past to understand the present and inform the future. Management Decision. London: Vol.43, 2005. p.1273.
Montana, Patrick. J & Charnov, Bruce. H. Management. London: Barron’s educational Series. 2000. p.18.
Robert, A. M. Financial Management in Healthcare Organizations. London: Cengage Learning Press, 2002. p. 87-98.
Taylor, Fredrick, W. Critical Evaluations in Business and Management, Volume 4. New York: Taylor & Francis, 2002. p.70.