Meditations on First Philosophy by René Descarte

Descartes’ work have always emphasized on the concept of rigorous philosophical inquiry with an inside-to-out strategy. The investigation of ideas is the one that is related with the strategy already mentioned while grounding the judgments for thorough inspection of the ideas that mind develops. Meditation is proposal that Descartes made for enabling the reader to adopt the ways for philosophical inquiry in support of an investigation of ideas. The judgment factor is the major basis for this inquiry process. The judgment gets undermined due to doubts. The two doubts are “Now Dreaming Doubt” and the “Always Dreaming”. These doubts cover everything right from the presently awake illusion to always awake illusion. Through his work Meditation, Descartes has raised cases for both the above mentioned formulations for judgmental doubts.

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The arguments that are being conveyed in the meditation have concentrated around the methodology of radical doubt carved out from Meditation I while through Meditation II and Meditation III, Descartes wanted to convey about his “Archimedean Point” and “the existence of God” respectively. Now beginning with the dream argument, Descartes says that a human perception is actually similar to the very sensation that comes out of its dream. The illusion of being awake has not been underlined through any definite sign so that it would then become distinguishable between dream experience and waking experience. Again, we can raise doubts over perception and its validation on the ground of the surface perceptual qualities but simultaneously we have no reason to doubt the very perception of the basic components that regulates of our thought for experience process and its identity.

The existence of self, God and the demon has its own share of doubts. The concept of God and its existence comes up with the outcome that suggest that this powerful will create something which would weed out every possibility of doubt and deceit and if there is no god then the very possibility perfection of author including us gets reduced as the lack of powerful authority means more possibility of doubt in belief. The belief of god also provides enough reason to believe in evil and demon equally capable of deceiving all. The existence of deceit comes out with the deception related to the existence of self. The existence of self is again the creation of human thought process and its ability of perception.

Now, we can say that there is the possibility that the very realization of things that are external to our self has actually been the outcome of some evil design but again the deception of self existence is something not possible since this is the only reason behind out thought and the natural process of thinking. Even through the body is a corporeal objects and is in form of understandability of mind but going with the wax argument, we can continue that the shape, structure and behavior provides the feeling of a live body and is composed of things that would remain the same even after the structure is lost.

The argument for the existence of God forms the part of Meditation III which gets raised after realizing the truth that this is a very personal idea of him. The idea explores the possibility of a perfect God and is something not mortal creation as these things are finite substance. Now the perfection itself need to be given some definition and associated ideas. Again the definition limits scope and hence cannot be associated with God as he is not limited through finite entities. The level of individual knowledge and perfection could be something very instrumental in generating the idea of God and its potentiality for perfection. Support of ideas and at the same time the objection to it causes more doubts and again more ideas to provide more answers and support of each of the doubts that has been raising its head after every support and objection.

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