Nursing deals with the independent and collaborative care of all people, groups or communities without discrimination. It is a profession within the health care sector focused on the prevention of illnesses and the promotion of health services to all individuals without discrimination. The key roles in nursing include the promotion of a safe environment, research, advocacy and participation in the shaping of health policies and health systems (Milner, 2005).
The law allows nurses to practice independently in different situations but depending on their qualifications and specialization. The main inspiration of the nursing society worldwide is for its professionals to guarantee health care for all, while abiding to the set rules and principals, and while still improving their knowledge and skills through research and education (Fairchild, 2012).
Patient care techniques are devoted to the welfare and the physical fitness of those in need. Nursing requires several skills and values, some of which include having good communication and observation skills, having the ability to offer advice and answer questions, having the ability to deal with emotionally charged situations, being a team player, being courageous, compassionate, caring, committed and competent with an aim of promoting quality health care (Milner, 2005). Additionally, having knowledge of the cultural norms of the patients improves the efficiency of treatment provided, as it helps in enhancing rapport between the nurses and the patients, and in improving communication between the two parties.
Communication between patients and nurses is very essential when providing health care, as a patient and care giver relationship is quickly built on effective communication and use of simple language that is easy for patients to understand. In this case, any obstacles to effective communication must be recognized and dealt with where necessary.
The documentation of patient care through written evidence maintained for each patient is a vital element that helps in providing quality treatment. It helps in assessing the quality of health care received by patients, and also assists in the process of making payments. Well arranged, pertinent, correct and prompt documentation ensures that all relevant information is available and can easily be retrieved.
Orientation is also a very important component of health care provision to patients. It is important that a nurse reviews a patient’s physical history, test results and diagnoses before providing any treatment or examination to the patient. This enables the nurse to be acquainted with the patients’ problems and to identify the best possible solution to the problem. During orientation, a nurse should create a rapport with the patient, explain to the patient about the condition he or she is suffering from, the available treatments, any possible treatment outcomes and likely risks. The nurse should interview the patients as part of the assessment and with an aim of getting all the necessary information (Milner, 2005).
Compassion is an essential commodity in nursing. This is very vital to patients as it involves having a nurse sympathize and empathize with them as well as get close to them both mentally and physically. It promotes the quality provision of healthcare by the nurses, and ensures that patients remain autonomous, maintain their dignity, feel cared for and supported throughout the treatment and care process. It enables nurses to provide proficient and confidential care, treat patients in a dignified manner and to provide care without discrimination and in a sensitive, warm and compassionate way (Davison and Williams, 2009).
Davison, N. & Williams, K. (2009). Compassion in Nursing. New York: Emap Publishing Limited.
Fairchild, S. (2012). Principles and Techniques of Patient Care. NY: Saunders Inc Press.
Milner, L. (2005). Patients Care Techniques for caregivers. New York: American Parkinson Disease Association Inc.