Physical and Psychological Trauma in Women

The prevalence of trauma in women has become an issue of concern. Contrary to the notion that it is only endemic in regions with poorly developed health care systems, a trauma in women is widespread across the world. Its causes are diverse. However, pregnancy and childbirth are some of the leading causes of trauma in women because they often cause many complications.

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Mary Shelly’s novel, Frankenstein, notes that women often live with some deep-rooted pregnancy-related fears. It is, therefore, important to understand the causes of such fears and the remedial actions that can be taken when a woman experiences them.

This article highlights the prevalence of acute traumatic injury during pregnancy, its causes, and its effects in America. Car accidents, violence, and assault are the most common causes of acute traumatic injury during pregnancy. In the case of car accidents, improper use of seat belts heightens fetal and maternal morbidity as well as mortality. Thus, proper seat belt use is recommended.

These injuries can be classified as blunt trauma or penetrating trauma. The former is mostly caused by car accidents, while the latter is caused by gunshots or piercing objects. Blunt trauma causes placental injuries while penetrating trauma can cause direct fetal injuries. In both cases, a thorough examination of the mother is necessary before any treatment can be administered.

The treatment procedures vary based on the category of trauma diagnosed. Since Brown is a professor of obstetrics and gynecology, the article is credible because it focuses on his area of expertise. It attempts to address all possible cases of acute traumatic injury during pregnancy.

This article identifies and explains the different possible causes of acute traumatic injury during pregnancy. It explores all the possible scenarios and recommends the best course of action in each case. It is of significance to physicians and nurses insofar as their practice is concerned. To the public, it is quite informative. Therefore, it can help in giving vital insights into the possible reasons behind the suffering Shelly describes in her novel.

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This article examines the occurrence of lifelong trauma among women. It focuses on women whose trauma starts at the time of pregnancy and lasts until they die. To achieve this objective, it focuses on low-income African American women. There is a problem of perinatal health disparities in America. African American women tend to be more vulnerable to perinatal health problems. Consequently, cases of lifelong trauma are prevalent among them.

Crime-related issues are the main cause of the trauma experienced by African American women. Therefore, the adverse perinatal outcomes that are common among African American women are associated with crime. Additionally, higher cases of adverse perinatal outcomes are associated with poor utilization of health care services. Women who reported fewer prenatal visits showed greater susceptibility to lifetime trauma. This group of women also exhibited longer hospital stays after delivery.

Further, the article establishes a link between lifelong trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder, which is prevalent among low-income African American women. The findings of the study could not be compared to any other findings since there were no other studies of its nature when this one was conducted. However, given the backgrounds of the authors, the article is credible because they carried out the research in their area of specialization.

The study investigates the reasons behind the prevalence of lifetime trauma among African American women whose income is low. It explains several trends that had been observed but lacked proper explanation. This article, therefore, helps one to understand that Shelly’s claim that she lived all her life full of fear was not isolated. Some pregnancy-related occurrences cause lifelong trauma in women.

This journal article focuses on the causes and possible treatment of various cases of obstetric trauma. It explains every necessary detail about the various cases of trauma associated with childbirth. According to the authors, obstetric trauma is a leading cause of fetal and maternal morbidity and mortality.

It can result from injury, shock, intrauterine fetal demise, uterine rupture, direct fetal injury, or internal hemorrhage. These injuries can be caused by car accidents, falls, assault, or gunshots and can be classified as blunt abdominal trauma, penetrating trauma, or pelvic fractures. Whenever any of these cases of trauma is suspected, priority should be given to the mother.

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The fetus only comes into consideration after maternal stability has been established. Nonetheless, once the mother is out of danger, the fetus needs thorough examination as well. Since trauma adversely affects both the expectant mother and the fetus, it is better to prevent it. This article is the work of three renowned medical doctors. Therefore, its credibility is unquestionable.

The article is a detailed guideline for medical practitioners and the public. Its detailed approach makes it a great reference material for medical or nursing students as well as any other person seeking information on obstetric trauma. Therefore, it gives its readers an all-around understanding of trauma in pregnant and lactating women.

References

Brown, H. L. (2009). Trauma in pregnancy. Obstetrics & Gynecology, 114(1), 147-160.

Dailey, D. E., Humphreys, J. C., Rankin, S. H., & Lee, K. A. (2011). An exploration of lifetime trauma exposure in pregnant low-income African American women. Maternal and Child Health Journal, 15(3), 410-418.

Mirza, F. G., Devine, P. C., & Gaddipati, S. (2010). Trauma in pregnancy: A systematic approach. American Journal of Perinatology, 27(7), 579-586.

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