The Fight Against Childhood Obesity

The research paper offers a detailed study of three independent studies that have been individualized based on childhood obesity. The causes and challenges of childhood obesity have also been discussed by the authors (Barry, Brescoll & Gollust, 2013).

Both qualitative and quantitative study methodologies have been used to support information provided in the research article. A sum of 389 respondents took part in the study. This is a strong sample size bearing in mind that it comprised of both genders. The study suggests the need for future research (a major strength). Some of the limitations include lack of alternative explanation, lack of general ideas in both studies and inadequate research on message frames.

The findings demonstrate that public support can be attained if obesity messages are frame well. Nurses can also utilize the same inform to agitate for preventive measures.

There is inadequate evidence on the effectiveness of methods being used to control obesity among children especially in learning environments. In particular, the aspect of metabolic syndrome is not vivid at all in most school settings (Elizondo-Montemayor et al., 2013).

A cross-sectional sampling method was used to gather the required data. Obese Mexican children were sampled and taken through the survey process. The sample size was 96. The small sample size was a key limitation.

The research results show that intervention at the school level may assist in lowering the rising rate of childhood obesity. Hence, clinicians should work closely with teachers in order to intervene on obesity cases at the right time.

The article examines the impacts of information that explain the effects of childhood obesity especially in regards to the attitude of the general members of the public. The authors also evaluate various prevention polices on obesity.

An internet-based survey methodology was used to gather data for compiling the report (Gollust, Niederdeppe & Barry, 2013). A total of 444 respondents who took part in the survey were requested to evaluate the effectiveness of obesity messages. Another controlled group of 2494 respondents responded to similar messages in a different survey. Nonetheless, the study was limited by the high probability of personal bias.

The results showed that the adoption of obesity prevention policies is greatly favored by the public and nurses can use the same information to educate parents and guardians.

The research community that deals with studies on health sciences has developed a lot of interest on childhood obesity over the past few decades. This research article explores the effectiveness of methods that have been used to prevent obesity among children (Grossklaus & Marvicsin, 2014).

This research study uses a theoretical framework as the main method of compiling and delivering the required information. The research design for this article largely entails qualitative data in form of literature review.

Although a lot of useful information has been presented in the qualitative research article, there is no empirical data to support the findings. The research outcomes show that there is inadequate data or information on childhood obesity and parental efficacy. Therefore, it is the role of nurses to bridge the information gap.

According to Muth (2013), undoing childhood obesity can be achieved only if appropriate control measures are put in place. The author emphasizes that childhood obesity has been on the rise in the United States from about five percent in the 1960s to almost 20 percent in the current decade. The theoretical research article shows that the process of undoing childhood obesity may not be achieved easily if parents, learning institution and healthcare professionals do not collaborate as a unit. The study can be improved by incorporating empirical data from the field.

Pediatric obesity is at an epidemic level. As a result, the state-level schools are adopting new policies to solve the health problem. Some of the proposed solutions include physical activity, nutritional check and vibrant anti obesity policies in schools (Nanney et al., 2010)

The obesity level in various state-level schools was examined using a quantitative approach. The authors have also not described how the empirical data could be analyzed before final conclusions are made. Both nurses and patients can utilize such information to minimize the levels of obesity.

Primary care providers can play myriads of roles in the evaluation and management of pediatric obesity before children become obese.

In terms of the research elements, the study utilized individual experiences of authors, selected national guidelines and peer review studies to design and collect data (Nichols & Livingston, 2002). The article makes use of diverse populations in various studies. Hence, it is the main strength of the essay. The limitation is evident in the fact no new independent quantitative study has been carried out to support the compiled work.

The research outcomes illustrate that family intervention and early detection of childhood obesity is vital I its effective management. In regards to implications for practice, the risks and prevention of obesity should be openly discussed by both the nursing professionals and families.

Obesity and overweight are major health challenges both at the childhood and adulthood levels. Its prevention requires a population-based approach through effective programs (Doak, Visscher, Renders & Seidell, n.d).

Both quantitative and qualitative methods have been used to gather and present the required data. When BMI was reduced among the participants, their obese levels also went down considerably. An inclusion and exclusion criteria were used by the researchers in the qualitative approach. Only peer reviewed literature was reviewed. This was a key strength in the data collection process. There was a statistical difference in both studies (weakness).

The qualitative study seeks to review some of the preventive and management measures of obesity among children with the aim of offering functional proposals to medical practitioners. Childhood obesity has also been undertreated and poorly diagnosed in various settings (Plourde, 2006).

The theoretical peer reviewed articles used to compile the study were obtained from PubMed. Articles rich in level II evidence were considered to be crucial for the research paper. This was the strength of the qualitative article. However, lack of empirical evidence limited the findings in the research paper. Nurses can utilize this information to enlighten parents and guardians on the best preventive measures for obesity in children.

The western nations have been ravaged by the impacts of obesity both among children and adults. At the childhood level, obesity can lead to infections such as type 2 diabetes and heart-related diseases.

The authors have used a qualitative research method to compile the report. Lack of empirical data is a major limitation of the article even though the sources used are peer reviewed quantitative studies with reliable information.

From the research study, long term obesity has gross consequences in the overall health of an individual. The latter is the main research outcome of the study. The authors have not recommended future studies on the same area (Rabbitt & Coyne, 2012).

The article evaluates the importance and efficacy of screening of children in the early management of obesity. An Electronic Medical Record has been proposed by the authors.

A community health center was used to conduct the study using a retrospective review in order to diagnose obesity in children aged between 7 and 18 years. The main weakness of the study was that actual respondents were not used to conduct the research process (Saviñon,Taylor, Canty-Mitchell & Blood-Siegfried, 2012).

The research outcome revealed that there was increasing interest for individuals to be tested for their BMIs hence a concern for overweight.

Nurses can customize Electronic medical records with clinical practice in order to enhance the fight against childhood obesity.

Squibb (2014) discusses how childhood obesity is related to the processes of pregnancy and delivery. It is apparent that several children are born when they are already obese. Hence, prevention should begin from the pregnancy stage of the mother.

The research outcomes illustrate that pregnant mothers can significantly contribute towards childhood obesity by the nature of their dietary intakes. The main significance in nursing practice is that pregnant women can be guided in advance on the risks of certain foodstuffs (such as fast foods and fatty meals) so that the unborn children are protected from overweight.

The article explores an obesity prevention program among third grade students. From the empirical research study, it is evident that a change in dietary intake can indeed lower the negative impacts of obesity. Certain food substances such as fruits and vegetables are capable of minimizing the growing rate of obesity (Struempler, Parmer, Mastropietro, Arsiwalla & Bubb, 2014).

A quasi-experimental design was used to process the experimental data. The participants involved third grade students. They were assessed through the foods taken at school during lunch hours. The population size was 803.

The main strength was that teachers and educators were used to check the validity of data filled in the forms. However, the data filled by students could be misleading to some extent.

This research study is significant to nursing care because the fraternity is now in a position to address childhood obesity proactively.

Obesity prevention among children can be best implemented within learning institutions. The study suggests that since most children spend their time in schools in nay calendar year, the current obesity prevention strategies can be experimented in school settings for best results (Torre, Akré & Suris, 2010).

A total of 40 respondents including catering staff, nurses, parents, adolescents, teachers, and school directors were interviewed using open-ended questions. Focus groups also availed some vital data for the study. Using open-ended questions was the key strength of the study because participants were not restricted from giving their honest opinions. Nevertheless, the discussions did not include other crucial participants such as the city council representatives.

The article discusses the rising rate of childhood obesity and the measures being taken to address the challenge. The authors emphasize that childhood obesity can be best controlled through preventive measures (Tucker, Irwin, Bouck, He & Pollett, 2006).

Semi-structured focus groups made up of ten members were used as the main method to gather data. Participants involved pre-school parents. The total number of participants was 71. This study derived its strength mainly from the fact that data was gathered from mature adults.

The sampling method used limited the validity of the research study since the actual parents who took part in the survey were not the actual parents of children affected by obesity.

The research results indicated that lack of adequate physical activities is a major setback in the fight against childhood obesity. Nurses should advise parents and teachers accordingly on the best exercise regimes for their children.

References

Barry, C. L., Brescoll, V. L. & Gollust, S. E. (2013). Framing Childhood Obesity: How Individualizing the Problem Affects Public Support for Prevention. Political Psychology, 34(3), 327-349.

Doak, C., Visscher, T., Renders, C. & Seidell, J. (n.d). The prevention of overweight and obesity in children and adolescents: a review of interventions and programmes. Obesity Reviews, 7(1), 111-136.

Elizondo-Montemayor, L. L., Gutierrez, N. G., Moreno, D. M., Martínez, U. U., Tamargo, D. D. & Treviño, M. M. (2013). School-based individualised lifestyle intervention decreases obesity and the metabolic syndrome in Mexican children. Journal of Human Nutrition & Dietetics, 3(4), 2682-2689.

Gollust, S. E., Niederdeppe, J. & Barry, C. L. (2013). Framing the Consequences of Childhood Obesity to Increase Public Support for Obesity Prevention Policy. American Journal of Public Health, 103(11), e96-e102.

Grossklaus, H. & Marvicsin, D. (2014). Parenting Efficacy and its Relationship To the Prevention of Childhood Obesity. Pediatric Nursing, 40(2), 69-86.

Muth, N. (2013). Undoing Childhood Obesity. IDEA Fitness Journal, 10(7), 66-74.

Nanney, M. S., Nelson, T., Wall, M., Haddad, T., Kubik, M., Laska, M. & Story, M. (2010). State School Nutrition and Physical Activity Policy Environments and Youth Obesity. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 38(1), 9-16.

Nichols, M. & Livingston, D. (2002). Continuing education. Preventing pediatric obesity: assessment and management in the primary care setting. Journal of The American Academy of Nurse Practitioners, 14(2), 55-65.

Plourde, G. (2006). Preventing and managing pediatric obesity: recommendations for family physicians. Canadian Family Physician, 5(1), 52322-52328.

Rabbitt, A. & Coyne, I. (2012). Childhood obesity: nurses’ role in addressing the epidemic. British Journal Of Nursing, 21(12), 731-735.

Saviñon, C., Taylor, J., Canty-Mitchell, J. & Blood-Siegfried, J. (2012). Childhood obesity: Can electronic medical records customized with clinical practice guidelines improve screening and diagnosis? Journal of The American Academy Of Nurse Practitioners, 24(8), 463-471.

Squibb, L. (2014). Pregnancy, Delivery, and Childhood Obesity. International Journal of Childbirth Education, 29(2), 73-77.

Struempler, B. J., Parmer, S. M., Mastropietro, L. M., Arsiwalla, D. & Bubb, R. R. (2014). Changes in Fruit and Vegetable Consumption of- Third-Grade Students in Body Quest: Food of the Warrior, a 17-Class Childhood Obesity Prevention Program. Journal of Nutrition Education & Behavior, 46(4), 286-292.

Torre, S., Akré, C. & Suris, J. (2010). Obesity Prevention Opinions of School Stakeholders: A Qualitative Study. Journal of School Health, 80(5), 233-239.

Tucker, P. P., Irwin, J. D., Bouck, L., He, M. M. & Pollett, G. G. (2006). Preventing paediatric obesity; recommendations from a community-based qualitative investigation. Obesity Reviews, 7(3), 251-260.

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