Petroleum oil is a liquid made up of several organic compounds. It is mined on the earth’s surface and is mainly used in industrial processes as a ram material and source of energy. Petroleum Oil was the most important energy source in the growth of industrialism during the twentieth century; in addition, it is the main world’s transportation energy.
The world has become so dependent on this source of energy because it is a multipurpose source of fuel, so cheap and expedient as compared with other sources of energy which was used before petroleum took over for instance wood which was used to generate steam and coal. Every day, Petroleum oil products are widely used especially in industrial processes. In addition, they are used in automobiles as a source, used to manufacture containers and produce energy to keep us warm during cold seasons.
Industrialism before the invention of petroleum
Muscle power was used as a source of energy in the wealthiest nation two centuries ago. This source of energy had many disadvantages as compared with petroleum oil.first of all it was no reliable source of energy; it was puny compared to petroleum fuel-fed engines. Muscle power engines were fed foremost with wood which was very bulky and heavy, hence making industrialism and transportation process so difficult, thereafter these engines were fed with coal which is not environmental friendly on the other hand.
When coal is used as a source of energy it produces, carbon dioxide, which is the main component of the greenhouse gas which is the main cause of global warming. With these disadvantages, petroleum oil remains the most reliable and cheap source of energy that promoted the growth of industrialism and economy, without it life would be very difficult. Petroleum oil has been used in various industrial processes because of its magical benefits that are unavoidable. And hence the world has become dependent so much on petroleum oil.
The alarm caused by depletion of petroleum
The global world is undergoing several changes affecting industrialism, transport, agriculture, and the world’s economic growth. This will be an unsafe era, for our society to depend on petroleum oiling which is depleting and hence a rapid and forced transformation into the use of other sources of energy. This transformation will entail the coming up with advanced technologies that help in the exploitation of other alternative sources of energy as was the situation with previous enormous economic defining moments.
In addition, the consumption of energy will have to been controlled and other renewable alternative sources of fuel are used rather than nonrenewable sources of energy which are depleting at an alarming rate, for instance, petroleum oil coal, and wood.
There is still a lot of hundreds of billions of crude petroleum oil on the Earth’s crust but due to growth in industrialism, economy, and rise in population, the demand for this precious commodity is increasing at a high rate each day, but contrary to the mining process of crude oil is controlled by geological features and hence the amount of crude oil extracted will not be able to sustain these demands, making it difficult for the world to relay on crude petroleum oil as a source of energy. The vital concept of depletion of Oil is consequential from experience: during the previous century older oil grounds have been detected to hit the highest point and decline in production. This experienced has been witnessed in the collective oil bequest of whole nations. There are doubts that the rate at which oil is produced for the human race in sum total will reach the peak and at some period and then start depleting inevitable.
A world without petroleum and its changes
The world without petroleum will be unsafe and difficult for many people especially for the poor in third world countries. The world‘s Economy will be the first sector to be affected by the depletion of petroleum oil, prices of goods and services will be very high because of the increase in expenses of production process and scarcity of energy. This impact will be felt both in the developed and nondeveloped countries in the world and people will have to work very hard to meet their daily needs.
Secondly, the Transportation sector will be affected accordingly as the world’s economy, become unstable. Road and air transport will be so expensive that many people will not afford it and hence becoming a luxurious service for only the rich in the society. There will be no resources to use in renovating and building the roads and finally, the transportation services will cease to be. Developed Countries with well-established infrastructure will on the better side than the developing countries to cope up with this oil depletion crisis
Problems arising from the transportation sector will have negative impacts on other sectors, for instance, the production and distribution of goods and services. As source energy fuel used in transport industry becomes scarcer and unaffordable to many, local industrial production produces we will be very expensive and hence this cost will be passed on to the consumers. The cost of goods and services will be very high.
Thirdly Agriculture and Food sectors will also follow the trend, since the cost of farm inputs will be very high, for instance, the cost of fertilizers, herbicides, pesticides, and agribusiness machines will be very high because of the rise in the cost of transportation services, Leading low production of agricultural farmers produce hence affecting negatively the food security sector. The food crisis is in the world will then follow, making life on this planet to be very hard. Food shortage may cause other problems for instance mal-nutrition and other health problems related to lack of some nutrients in the diet or food insufficiency. An increase in population growth normally come as a result of
food affordability and enough supply; rise in the cost of food production will lead to increase in the cost of food products hence affecting the population growth on the other hand negatively.
A mitigation measure to solve the problem of the petroleum depletion crisis is not merely looking for energy alternative sources, but we must get used to the practice of conserving energy and becoming innovative enough to utilize any available resource effectively and efficiently. Furthermore, the use of renewable and environmentally responsive sources of energy will be of much benefit, for instance, the use of readily available solar energy which is environmentally friendly and renewable. Today we are trying to solve the problem of depletion of petroleum oil, tomorrow more and more crises will rise, for example, a decline of freshwater, lead, copper, fish, phosphates, and finally topsoil. It is not that easy to easily substitute petroleum oil with other sources of energy; because other fossils fuels for instances coal have a very negative impact on the environment Industrialism is a fundamentally unsustainable technology which we need to study.