Water is an indispensable resource; the importance of this resource is ever growing in today’s world. With an exponential growth in the world population, the existing sources of drinking water are fast depleting. However, the availability of water is highly subjective for the world population. The higher income groups of the world are not facing any short, per say; in contrast to that the low income groups of the world are facing an acute shortage of drinking water, so much so that these people seldom differentiate between clean and unclean water.
Water of Maryland
The Maryland water remains to be for the Marylanders and the public resource should remain public so as to make it affordable as well as safe. If the sewer and water system are placed on private hands then the costs will hick and the consumers will be consequently be paying more for water that is of low quality. Private resource will lead to service problems and sewage spills. In addition the resources are assumed to violate the Clean Water Act, have high operation prices and problems of supplying of water. The solution to the named problems according to the Federal agents was to emphasize on placing public money for public utilities. The Local government ought to place the sewer and water services in the public hands and do away with the privatization. There is a need for water control as well as plan for the future generations by the creation of a public funding source that ensures safe and clean water. The water controlled by the public is assumed to be affordable for all Marylanders (Hutchins, 1)
The main source of water in Maryland has been from Chesapeake Bay watershed and every organization was up to task of protecting this watershed. The Maryland water laws once faced conflicts between the necessities of the development of a system that took in the Marylanders’ needs and competing legal system. Chesapeake Bay watershed supply water to Marylanders at a capacity of 500,000 gallons a day is a daily water demand of the state. However researchers have gone a step further and predicted that before the next two decades are over, more than 25% of the Maryland population will be facing water based vulnerability. The supply of water is also expected to increase in a steady, albeit exponential manner, with the demand almost doubling in the coming decade.
Water that is distributed from this source is piped used standards adapted by water resource element which sets how quality water reaches the public. This is done with help of Maryland department of planning who have regulated each water treatment plant by assigning a loading gap at Chesapeake Bay watershed. The department is charged with the responsibility of sampling of public water, protection of water sources, giving technical assistance in the water system, offering security services, moving services and offering training services to consumers. When there is no water from this sources the department has used storm water to assist in fire fighting for the state (Johnson, 46).
The distribution of water in Maryland is improper. Some towns have high concentrations of population have less accessibility and quantity of water available, while others have a greater accessibility and quantity of water available to them. The disparity can be better explained if we looked at the division with respect to nearness to Chesapeake Bay watershed. The people of the large town or to the bay have access to water in abundant qualities, contrary to that the people of the some small towns in the state lack access to adequate water. While some people have clean water running in their home, others have to use dirty, unhygienic water for drinking. More specifically, the people in the developed countries have access to clean drinkable water from the comfort of the homes, while the people of the rural setting cannot acquire drinkable water even if they put in strenuous efforts to acquire it (Gillilan and Brown, 78).
The Maryland department of planning is responsible for protecting the environment as well as human health. The department has led to the establishment of the WaterSense program which was specifically designed for the encouragement of water efficiency using a particular label on the products meant for consumers. The products include irrigation equipment and toilets that are highly efficient. The development of the products is made through the public process and testing of products in laboratories. It ensures that the public have safe drinking water by placing standards for many public water systems in Maryland as well as other states.
In conclusion, Maryland has developed delivery systems that supply the people with more than adequate quantities of water; however, the rural population lacks even the necessary supply of water. Everyone has the right to clean drinking water and measure should be taken to make sure that this is achieved.
Gillilan, David, and Brown Thomas. Instream flow protection: seeking a balance in Western water use. Washington, DC: Island Press, 1997.
Hutchins, Wells. Water Rights Laws in the Nineteen Western States. New York: The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd., 2004 p 1.
Johnson, John. United States Water Law: An Introduction. New York: CRC Press, 2008, p46.