Cyber Security Policies and National Strategy


Some of the policies that are put forward to combat cybercrimes include imposing heavy fines on the offenders. The fines are stipulated in law as a way of inhibiting the civilians and government officials from committing cybercrimes. The misconducts have targeted several areas that are both sensitive and valuable to the private and public sectors (Van Dine 2020). Organization’s data and confidential information of the clients are regarded as important commodities that are increasingly becoming a target of refined organized cybercriminals. Universal High-level security of ICT equipment should be adopted as a policy that regulates the occurrences’ of cybercrimes.

Imperatively, it is challenging to define a universal level of security that is enough to meet the regulatory obligation of an organization (Evans, 2019). As evident in other types of systems and controls, much of the policies on the security level will depend on the range and complexity of the organization’s business. Further, cyber security policies are mostly based on the kind of systems used and specific risks connected with the company’s business. As a policy, cooperation with the software and hardware companies is a strategy in the course to reduce the rates of cybercrimes.

Developing compatible software and hardware that is difficult to compromise is a priority in the ICT equipment manufacturing industry. This matter needs to be given much more attention, like any other serious legal and operational challenges of the ICT company. Developing cybercrime intelligence is an additional policy that enables ICT users to curb cybercrimes on time (Van Dine 2020). Further, it is important to acknowledge that policies are aimed at detecting and preventing the occurrence of cybercrimes that can be avoided. Information sharing is an imperative role of the ICT parameters, however, there’s a need to foster on the prevention measures that are aiding the criminals to carry on the criminal activities in computerized systems.

Primary Agencies Responsible for Preparing for, Responding, and Recovering from a Cyber-Attack

Some private and public agencies are task to take control and reduce effects of the cybercrimes. For example, the commonwealth has established the Australian Cyber Security Center to help in combating the 21st century cybercrime. The FBI, the National Cyber Investigative Joint Task Force, National Institute of Standards Technology (NIST), and Department of Homeland Security are some of the US agencies that are known to help in fighting cybercrimes (Van Dine 2020). On the other hand, DIGIPOL is an international agency that is also mandated with the responsibility of reporting and fighting cybercrime activities. The aforementioned agencies are well equipped and staffed with skillful personalities in the field of digital and electronic forensic science. The teams help in preventing the crimes and carrying out investigations on the cybercrime-related undertakings.

The following are the main ways through which professionals often apply big-data analytics to effectively detect advanced cyber threats and amicably eliminate them in various organizations. User education and awareness are realized through the production of the operator security mechanisms that mainly cover the acceptable and secure application of the various systems within the firms (Li & Whinston, 2020).The method also enhances the establishment of the members of the staff training program. Moreover, it maintains the creation of awareness among users regarding cyber risks (Marcum, 2019). Moreover, incident management entails the formation of both the incident response and disaster recovery capacity within the firm. It equally produces and tests the incident management programs.

The Growing Role of Law Enforcement in the New Cyber Strategy of the United States

The law enforcement bodies are responsible for protection of the individuals against cybercrimes. It ensures reporting of criminal incidents to the relevant law enforcement agencies in society. The law enforcement bodies also define the baseline created for all the ICT devices. The other imperative role of the law enforcement agencies is to create public awareness of the cybercrimes. The authorities like the FBI, CIA, and Homeland security stay at the forefront in ensuring that the general public is aware of the new techniques of cyber malpractices.

In addition to their roles, law enforcement bodies help in malware protection of the US public and private facilities against potential threats and hackers. To enhance the establishment of the anti-malware defenses that are relevant to the corporations, law implementation bodies like the State Bureau of investigations and Federal Law Enforcement Agencies come up with guidelines and frameworks for the protection of the sensitive areas targeted by the hackers. Finally, network security mainly involves the protection of the system against both internal and external attacks. The law execution organizations have also aided in monitoring the networks, to reduce chances of the cyber-attacks (Li & Whinston, 2020). Law enforcement units also ensure the effective management of the network perimeter and monitor and test the security controls within the organization (Evans, 2019). Whereas it is the role of the law enforcement bodies to come up with measures that control the use of cyber facilities, it is pivotal to inculcate a sense of responsibility among the users of these important assets.

The use of communications applications and software such as WhatsApp, Facebook, Twitter, and emails have created platforms that are mostly abused by cybercriminals. Law administration bodies find it a daunting task to handle these communication media since they support and connect many users. Almost all the companies around the globe today including government corporations are transforming to digital firms. Despite the challenges met in the implementation of the Cyber policies, the ultimate goal of cybercrime eradication is yet to be realized (Evans, 2019). With the growing usage of ICT tools, it has been an overwhelming task to adopt and implement some of the best policies that will protect both the public and private sectors from cybercrime. Therefore, the organizations that oversee safe consumption of the ICT products must improve their research on the new avenues of cybercrime to achieve their goals.


With modern information system technology, the administrations of information have become more vulnerable than ever before. Data security is now an issue of global concern. The need for a company to keep up with the competition from other corporations and the impact made by cyber-crime has contributed to the irresistible adoption of information system technology by companies. The information system has made it easy and safe for firms to generate financial reports by interfacing Excel software. Strategizing and making decisions by the management has also become simple and safe from cyber-crime. Thus, the modern information system technology has impacted finance and accounting by making it possible and easy to process large data into meaningful information, serving to battle cyber-crime.


Evans, A. (2019). Managing cyber risk. Routledge.

Li, X., & Whinston, A. B. (2020). The economics of cyber-crime. SSSRN Electronic Journal. Web.

Marcum, C. D. (2019). Cybercrime (2nd ed.). Wolters Kluwer.

Van Dine, A. (2020). When is a cyber defense a crime: Evaluating active cyber defense measures under the Budapest Convention. Chicago Journal of International Law, 20(2), 530–564.

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